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January 21 2020


Train of thought

I'm on my way to Nottingham for a Kirby workshop and to attend Simon Collison's fantastic New Adventures Conference for the second time and this is my "travel diary" of a quite unusal journey.

Dear diary …

I've visited this conference for the first time in 2011 and it was a very special trip back then as well. Nottingham isn't that easy to reach from Germany. In 2011, the options to get there were even less ideal than today.

After searching for affordable flights without luck, I joined a small group of German web devs that I knew mostly from Twitter. We organised a road trip in a rental bus from Essen via Antwerp to Nottingham. It turned out to be pretty legendary.

I had the chance to hang out with Marc Thiele, Vitaly Friedman, Andreas Dantz and Stefan Nietsche for quite a while that way and I still have very fond memories of our conversations, the conference and our beer tasting in Antwerp :) The connections that we made on that trip still last today and I'm very lucky that I joined them.

Fast-forward, 9 years later:

Through many lucky accidents, Simon Collison invited me to run a workshop at this year's New Adventures and I couldn't be more excited about that. Not just about the workshop, but about finally returning to Nottingham and to New Adventures after all those years.

So here I was again in fall 2019, looking for a way to get to Nottingham.

Many things have changed in 9 years. But there's one topic that has become more relevant than everything else. We are in a climate emergency. 2010-2020 has been the hottest decade in recorded climate history. What still felt like a far-future-problem in 2011, feels very urgent today.

I have to say that I spent the last two years mostly struggling to find a way to deal with this emergency on a personal level and it's not over yet. What's my role in all of this? What can I do as a father to fight for a livable future for my kids? How do I change my own priviledged and harmful way of living? Is there even a solution or are we doomed anyway?

I felt mostly paralyzed and hopeless.

As a result, I joined FridaysForFuture protests and started to reduce my meat consumption. With Kirby, we are now providing free licenses for all climate movement projects. We joined a German initiative of companies that pledge to take action against climate change. We moved most of our servers to green hosting and will move the remaining server as well soon.

I really want to change something, but this all still feels like a tiny drip of water on a hot stone.

I'll be honest, when looking for ways to get to Nottingham this time, I started to look at flights again. Frankfurt - Birmingham or Düsseldorf - Birmingham were two viable options. One with Lufthansa, one with EasyJet. But it just felt wrong.

This is not going to be an article about how we all should stop flying. This is all about a very personal decision. I wanted to move away from arm-chair-activism this time.

The idea of taking the train instead of flying excited me. I really love trains – when they are on time and connections work. I'm also not very comfortable with flying in general. Or to put it differently: I'm very good at imagining how the plane crashs (yes, I know it's irrational)

When I started looking into train connections from my little town (Neckargemünd) to Nottingham I was pretty sure that it is going to be completely insane and that I would need to get back to a flight anyway.

It turned out that a reasonable train connection takes around 9.5 hours. I was pretty astonished. That's not that bad at all!

The flights from Frankfurt or Düsseldorf both take around 1.5 hours. When I added the train from Neckargemünd to Frankfurt or Düsseldorf, time at the airport in Germany, flight, time at the airport in the UK and the final train from Birmingham to Nottingham I ended up with around 7 hours for the trip via Frankfurt and about 8.5 hours for the trip via Düsseldorf. And suddenly the train started to look quite competitive. Especially in terms of pricing.

The flight via Düsseldorf with EasyJet was about 263 € both ways and the cheapest option.

The flight via Frankfurt with Lufthansa was 364 € both ways and the most expensive option.

The train costs 293 € both ways and is only slightly more expensive than the EasyJet option.

So here I am in the TGV from Karlsruhe to Paris EST, going at 310km/h with tons of legroom, no limit on baggage, a free seat next to me and pretty decent wifi (you hear that Deutsche Bahn?). Being in the EU (brilliant concept btw) I can use my personal hotspot without any issues if the wifi fails and it already feels quite productive in here.

Ok, let's be fair. This trip isn't as straight-forward as it seems from the paragraph above. I have to change trains 4 times. In Heidelberg, Karlsruhe, Paris and London. That is an uncomfortable number of points of failure. But luckily I already passed the first two with only 15 minutes to switch trains. The next two will give me an hour each. That's an interesting fact about this trip: I spend 2.5 hours on train stations. I see room for improvement there. 7 hours from Neckargemünd to Nottingham. It's doable :)

What really shocked me are the prices and how fast the connections are from Karlsruhe to Paris (2.5 hours) and from Paris to London (1.5 hours). You can get both trips for around 39 € (one-way) if you book early. That's absolutely amazing if you ask me.

I'm not in Nottingham yet and it still might end with unpleasent surprises, but I'm already massively enjoying this guilt-free trip. It also showed me not to dismiss longer train connections too early because of length or cost. Especially for family vacations! As much as I love to hate the Deutsche Bahn for all the weird situations I had in German trains, as much do I still enjoy travelling without sitting behind the wheel or being flung in the air in a metal tube.

Are such kind of trips the solution to our climate emergency? Of course not! But I think it's time to do a few things differently than before and be more considerate about daily decisions.

I don't think that we can turn this emergency around by personal action only. It's a dangerous method by our politicians to hand over responsibility to each individual, while the big emitters can keep on with business as usual.

But I do believe in chain reactions. We are closely connected to our social bubble: our neighbours, our family and friends. We are intuitively influenced by their choices and behaviors and we influence them in the same way. We can start a chain reaction with what we do. It's not always obvious but a small shift can propagate quite far.

I have been very negative in the past months. I found it hard to see something positive in all of this and I dragged my own social bubble down with me. But I no longer wanted to be the one, who turns up with more negative news and discussions. This does not lead anywhere.

I loved a chapter in Luisa Neubauers Book "Vom Ende der Klimakrise: Eine Geschichte unserer Zukunft" about new utopias. If we want to move forward, we need positively-charged visions for our future. We need new utopias. There is no way to see a path ahead when there's no goal.

There are quite a few visions that I can instantly see and that give me hope and something to work for. Sitting in a high-speed train going through Europe one of those visions is not even that far away. A great, fast, affordable and climate friendly transport network isn't something that is totally utopian.

The world can be different.

September 18 2019



It started last spring. Something didn't feel right. It was exceptionally dry for weeks. We have a 3600-liter cistern for our small garden that was already empty. It would normally fill up from time to time and get us over the summer. But not that year. What started as a long period without rain, turned into an extremely hot summer and it just didn't stop.

You could see how the forest around us dried up, how the grass changed its color to a grayish yellow that reminded me of Southern Europe, but not Germany.

Then later in September 2018, we went camping in Portugal. Just a few weeks before, Portugal had been struck by a heatwave up to 46 degrees. We were lucky we missed that. We stayed at a campsite in central Portugal, somewhere in the middle of nowhere. It was incredibly beautiful but haunted by wasps. What looked like a nightmare, turned into a weird spectacle. The wasps sat on our legs, on our arms, and in our shoes, but they didn't sting. They besieged the front of our camper and followed us by the dozens when we went to fetch water. I've never seen anything like this before. We asked the owner of the campsite and he told us how the wasps are incredibly exhausted after the heatwave. They were licking our sweat, eating the dead flies from our camper and were attracted by anything that looked like water. They didn't have enough energy anymore to attack or hunt for themselves.

The empty cistern, dry forest, yellow grass or the exhausted wasps were by no means scientific evidence for climate change. I have no scientific background at all. They were personal triggers though. For the first time in my life, I was deeply worried by the heat and drought.

All of this was accompanied by more and more bad news from climate scientists from all over the world. Greta Thunberg started her first school strike in Stockholm. I began to read and learn more about it and I felt worse and more hopeless every day.

I thought that the summer of 2018 is a tipping point though. With the school strikes, there was a new form of attention. I was sure that from now on more people will follow and understand what's really happening and eventually enough politicians will follow as well.

But while kids and students around the world kept on striking and fighting for their future, the rest of the world seemed to move on. Like this is just another minor crisis we can shake off.

Global temperatures: 1850-2018

And yet, 2019 brought more horror scenarios. The fires in the Arctic, the Amazon, Australia, and Indonesia.

What seemed to be a crisis of the future is a crisis of today. We are right in the middle.

Let's put in a joke from Twitter to lift the mood: "Many say that this is the hottest summer in the last 100 years. But I prefer to think positive: this is probably the coolest summer in the next 100 years."

(Sorry, I can't find the source anymore)

But with all the evidence around us, why are we acting like everything will be alright? It won't be alright this time.

I've collected some of the reactions you can see and hear online and offline all the time:

  • Climate change isn't real
  • Climate change is real but will pass by
  • Climate change is real but it's exaggerated and Greta is an alarmist
  • Climate change won't affect us because …
    • … it's too far in the future
    • … we live in a pretty cool part of the world
    • … we live in a pretty wealthy part of the world
  • We will be able to fix climate change in time because …
    • … someone will invent a technical solution soon
    • … we also fixed the ozone hole
    • … politicians will fix it
    • … some god will fix it
    • … someone else will fix it
  • I can't do anything about climate change anyway because …
    • … we are just a small part of the world
    • … it has to be solved by our politicians and not by me
    • … it's too expensive
    • … I like the way I'm living right now and don't want to change
    • … it's already too late so YOLO
  • I want to do something but …
    • I don't know what to do
    • I can't afford it
    • I don't have the time
  • We are humans. We are superior to any other lifeform and we will adjust to any kind of change. Let's just buy an AC.
  • I'm quite excited to see how humanity ends

All of those reactions, wether serious or not, are just a form of denial. It's too tough to accept that our way of living is no longer working out.

I see this in myself. While being deeply worried, I'm also petrified. I don't know what to do. My commitment to change hasn't gone far enough yet. I'm part of the problem. I see my kids and want a healthy world for them. I want them to grow old without worrying. But I'm also stuck in my privileged way of living. Just one more steak, one more trip with the car, one more cheap purchase online. How bad can my impact be? After all, the system around me has to change. But that's just another excuse. I'm aware of that and I'm willing to do more than I'm currently doing. I often just feel lost.

There are no simple solutions. Radical change is hard. But it's necessary this time. This crisis won't just go away if we simply wait until all students lost their energy to protest.

The more the world around us tumbles into chaos, the more we look for simple solutions. We see those large political shifts to the right in many parts of the world. The right is very good at providing simple answers to complex problems. When they can't blame them on somebody else or pretend they don't exist, they look backward to find their solutions. "We've always done it like this. It's perfectly fine to keep on doing it that way." Trying to preserve the status quo is a human instinct. Change always carries risk. It's easy to fall for their agenda if you don't want to think or act too much yourself.

Unfortunately, this way of thinking seems to erode many parts of our society. The political center here in Germany is using the same methods less radically. Stick with the status quo as long as possible and as long as it is profitable.

I often wonder if we manage to turn around fast enough before it's too late. The clock is ticking relentlessly and there's not much time left.

Sometimes I try to imagine the future in ten years from now. What happens when each year from now on will be as hot and dry as the last years – or even worse?

Looking at Western Europe: What will happen to our agriculture? To our vegetation? To our water supplies? Can we handle all of that?

Looking at the world: What happens when the wildfires around the world return and increase every year? More CO2 will get emitted, more Methane released.

Many people say we've already reached a tipping point this year. I'm not a scientist. I cannot put all of this into a realistic perspective. Everything I read sounds like a doomsday scenario.

Is this an alarmist way of thinking? Too negative? I hope so. I wish I'll look back in ten years from now and realize that it wasn't that dramatic after all. Maybe we found a way to adjust. Maybe we started to accept reality and changed our way of living.

But there's also a good chance that we will look back at today with anger and despair and wish we weren't so ignorant back then.

It's time to wake up.

Join me at the Global Climate Strike this Friday, September 20th, 2019!
I will be taking part in Heidelberg.

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September 10 2019


Simplicity (II)

Once in a while, I have to fix small issues in very old projects. Some of my client sites from more than a decade ago are still around. One could argue that they probably should have been re-launched three times since. But it's also quite nice to enter the time machine.

There are two eras of those projects: pre-built-process and and post-build-process. Whenever there's no package.json I know it's going to be a good day. Whenever there's one, Pandora is coming along the way with her fucking box.

When you ever had to fix just a few lines of CSS and it took two hours to get an ancient version of Gulp up and running, you know what I'm talking about.

Yes, I know, there's Docker and if you are a real professional you would put everything in containers. But don't ever tell me that this is making your life as easy as editing a plain HTML or CSS file.

We've come a long way as web developers. We have wonderful tools that help us optimize, prettify, test, deploy and scale our work in seconds and it's great.

Working on Kirby, we use quite a lot of those tools. We rely heavily on Git and Github, we use the Vue cli with Webpack in the background to build our Panel, PHPcs and ESlint to enforce the same coding style throughout the team, PHPUnit, Jest and Cypress.io with Travis CI to test our code, Coveralls.io to analyze our test coverage. We auto-deploy our site whenever changes are pushed to master. etc. etc.

When everything works, it feels like magic. When something breaks, it's hell.

The amount of time and knowledge that you need to have to setup such tools and services and to keep them up and running is insane.

Yes, they save a lot of time once they are working. If you don't touch them they are probably stable for a while. But I never learned to love them in all those years. It's more like a love-hate relationship, slightly tilted to hate.

There are a few major issues I have with modern web dev tooling:

Dependency Hell A - Code

I can never get over the fact that the most "simple" build process setup comes with 120 petabyte of node_modules. No matter if you want to "just" convert your Sass to CSS or optimize some images.

I have a simple rule of thumb when it comes to programming:

less code === less potential issues

This rule of thumb controls my own feelings towards a solution. It shouldn't take 120 MB of code to uglify some JS. But maybe I'm wrong.

In practice, this dependency hell has bitten me so often already that my life expectancy probably sank by 2-3 years. You want to build a JS file? Please update Webpack first. Oh, that new version of Webpack is no longer compatible with your Node version. Oh, your new Node version is no longer compatible with that other dependency. Oh, now you have 233 detected security issues in all your node_modules but you can't fix them because that would break something completely unrelated.

It's a UX nightmare and I haven't found a single exception yet. Vue Cli or Parcel are the most positive examples, where positive means: not as horrible as the rest.

This dependency hell is also the reason why old projects are almost like sealed capsules. You can hardly let a project lie around for more than a year, because afterwards it's probably broken.

Dependency Hell B - Services

How do you make money in a world of open-source projects? SaaS! It all starts nice and simple: Github free plan, Algolia free plan, Travis CI free plan, ZeitHQ free plan, Netlify free plan, Azure free plan, Firebase free plan, etc. etc.

But all of them share the same goal. They want to lure you in and then convert you to their paid plans. That's the only way for them to make money. The free plans are sponsored by their investors or the high margins of their paid plans.

When you start using services like Firebase it becomes instantly clear that you lock yourself in. The more time you invest, the harder it gets to move away from them one day. The more painful it gets if they ever shut down.

Other services are more subtle. With Github you only realize the dependency if you build your community there and it starts to grow. If you leave, you basically loose the community. With Github Actions they now try to add another layer of customer glue.

With services like Algolia it gets massively painful if you grow out of the free plan or jump to the next tier.

Netlify and Zeit have the same issue and also try to bind you with their attractive additional features that are exclusive to them.

The more you bind a project to a certain service, the harder it can backfire later. The longevity of a project is suddenly in the hand of another player and you have to play by their rules. When they decide to change the way their service works, you have to adjust to that.

The comfort that they provide comes at a high price. All those services look simple on the outside, but they all come with complex related issues and potential risks.

We love to talk about simplicity. "Simple" is probably one of the most overused words in our industry. Not only in documentation.

Is something really "simple" if you have to be an experienced developer before being able to use it?

Is something really "simple" if the best case scenario works great, but whenever it fails you are stuck for hours?

Is something really "simple" when you are cosily wrapped in an over-engineered blanket that comes at a high price once you need to unwrap yourself?

Talking about simplicity, I made the comparison on Twitter between a headphone jack and a bluetooth connection.

Modern web dev tools and services are like AirPods. It's fantastic to get rid of the cable. The experience is far better 95% of the times. But they also have connection issues from time to time, they are massively over-engineered, expensive and you can easily loose them.

Bluetooth headphones are likely the future. But I still have more love for a set of standard headphone with a regular cable and headphone jack that has been working reliably for decades.

I just have to put this over-used quote by Antoine de Saint-Exupery here again:

Perfection is achieved, not when there is nothing more to add, but when there is nothing left to take away.

Yes, we have new possibilities to solve problems. But sometimes it might make sense to take a step back and ask ourselves if something that has already been solved needs to be solved again – but more complex this time.

As always, such questions are very personal. It depends. If you are in a team, your priorities are completely different than for someone who works alone. Big teams have different problems than small teams. Your project might not need to be around for years or decades etc.

It's important though to reflect on what we are doing. It's as important to reflect what affects the user. They don't care about our issues behind the curtains.

When we talk about the time that modern tools save us, we also need to be honest. How much time do they save us today and how much time might they cost us later?

I personally try to take such time-machine rides as lessons.

We face the same problems with Kirby. We try to keep it "simple" but is it really simple? What are the true obstacles for beginners. What are the pain points for our users when something breaks? How can we take care of such situations and make sure nobody gets stuck for hours? And what happens when you need to maintain a Kirby site in 5 or 10 years from now? Can we somehow help to make this easy? Is it even made to last that long? How can we avoid that our users are locked in? Etc.

All those questions are important to me, because they are the qualities that I appreciate in software myself.

I wrote about simplicity in a similar fashion five years ago. That's why this article is called Simplicity (II). This topic never really gets old to me as it seems :) http://bastianallgeier.com/notes/simplicity

May 17 2019


Back from the dead

I killed my personal site in May 2018.

It was the GDPR month of horror. Dozens of old clients approached me to help them get their privacy policies online. I was knee-deep into getting our own privacy policy for Kirby ready with our lawyer and everything just felt like shit.

Instead of caring for my own site, I simply switched it off. I set up a redirect to the Kirby website, but later the SSL certificate expired and I couldn't even be bothered to fix that.

It's kind of ironic, when you are working full-time on a content management system and you talk about the IndieWeb for years, but at the same time you can't even get your shit together and run your own website.

Looking back, my dead website was a reflection of how I felt about my profession. It was a low point in my career. I was extremely frustrated by the state of the web. The work for Kirby 3 was absolutely overwhelming. It should have launched by then already. Everything felt exhausting and broken. The GDPR chaos was just the final cut.

Killing it was almost like taking a break from the web. For the longest time I felt lost afterwards. The work on Kirby kept me up and I'm glad about that. But the digital loneliness that Tobias describes in his article was all around me.

Fast-forward to today: This week, I attended beyond tellerrand. This conference has always played a big part in my career. It gave me the necessary push in the right direction so many times before. I can't exactly say what it is. It's not a particular talk or topic or conversation. It's the sum of all of that.

Maybe it's just me, but there was a special mood in the crowd this time. More cheering when speakers entered the stage. More clapping after each talk. I don't really know. Maybe I'm just projecting here.

At the very end, Tantek entered the stage and spoke about taking back the web. There were no surprises in this talk. He summarized the catastrophic situation of the social web and introduced IndieWeb ideas as a possible solution. And yet, this talk gives me goosebumps when I think about it.

There's a pretty clear message in my head since then: the web is not lost. The friendships are not lost. The positivity and excitement that we once all had is not lost. It's time for a new beginning.

May 20 2018

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1972 Citroen SM, design by Frua,

May 17 2018


May 14 2018

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May 02 2018

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Damn lady, you fair 😘 • 📷: @oli.coulthard • #DriveTastefully — view on Instagram https://petro.li/2jk7LRp

April 23 2018

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In 1966 Pininfarina designed the Ferrari 365 California - glorious.

April 13 2018

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April 12 2018

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moss light

Kings River, California


April 10 2018

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Wohlstand (Prosperity), Reader’s Digest, 1964.

April 09 2018

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BMW M1 / built by Lamborghini - yep.

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April 05 2018


April 04 2018

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And at this point I’m too afraid to ask

Full Image - Twitter - Bonus - YouTube


March 23 2018

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